Updated: Apr 15
Sun, 8 Mar:
Read The Inchoative Research Thesis, Published by NationalEr Interest Editor
In sociology topic, industrial society is a society driven by the use of technology to enable mass production, supporting a large population with a high capacity for division of labour. Such a structure developed in the Western world in the period of time following the Industrial Revolution, and replaced the agrarian societies of the pre-modern, pre-industrial age. Industrial societies are generally mass societies, and may be succeeded by an information society. They are often contrasted with traditional societies.
Industrial societies use external energy sources, such as fossil fuels, renewable phenomenas, to increase the rate and scale of production. The production of food is shifted to large commercial farms where the products of industry, such as combine harvesters and fossil fuel-based fertilizers, are used to decrease required human labor while increasing production.
No longer needed for the production of food, excess labor is moved into these factories where mechanization is utilized to further increase efficiency. As populations grow, and mechanization is further refined, often to the level of automation, many workers shift to expanding service industries.
Industrial society makes urbanization desirable, in part so that workers can be closer to centers of production, and the service industry can provide labor to workers and those that benefit financially from them, in exchange for a piece of production profits with which they can buy goods. This leads to the rise of very large cities and surrounding suburb areas with a high rate of economic activity.
These urban centers require the input of external energy sources in order to overcome the diminishing returns of agricultural consolidation, due partially to the lack of nearby arable land, associated transportation and storage costs, and are otherwise unsustainable. This makes the reliable availability of the needed energy resources high priority in industrial government policies.
Some theoreticians (namely Ulrich Beck, Anthony Giddens, and Manuel Castells) argue that we are (The 1st World) located in the middle of a transformation or transition from industrial societies to post-industrial societies. The triggering technology for the change from an agricultural to an industrial organization was steam power, allowing mass production and reducing the agricultural work necessary.
Thus, many industrial cities have been built around rivers . Like What Eritrea trying to do now by building a strategic Dam along all kinds of rivers. We can refer also "Silicon Valley" of United State. Now, world class giant corporations, such as Google, IBM, DELL, Facebook, YouTube, and too many others are located in this great valley in California. Therefore, California is a power house of United State of America.
Identified as catalyst or trigger for the transition to post-modern or informational society is global information technology.
Some, such as Theodore Kaczynski, have argued that an industrialized society leads to psychological pain and that citizens must actively work to return to a more primitive society. His essay, Industrial Society and Its Future, describes different political factions and laments the direction of technology and the modern world.
Africa in particular, Third world in general categorized in missed out of this golden opportunities of Industrial revolution, which was a perfect fundamentalism for Industrial Society. But, on NationalEr Interest perspective, it is not true or not correct discourse. Any of that third country existing in whatever position, must pass by this road, even at any time it can.
The fundamentalism of building the source of civilisation is of course it comes first for Industrialisation. What is the source of civilisation...?
"It is enough water!". If we believing to flourish the Industrial activities along the rivers, it must come by building Dam & Reservoirs and then preserving the water. Many people are just failed to understand that building Dams & Reservoirs is only concerned with insuring water for drinking and limited to agricultural activities with no longer change, remained at agrarian society. But, according the theory of "Water and Industrialisation", it is absolutely misconception.
The policy of the Government of Eritrea analysed this fact and now dealing with major & minor rivers. Such major rivers are mainly named;
1. Anseba River
2. Barka River (Both with Anseba Merge in Sala
village, border in Sudan)
3. Mereb River (Upper Course of Gash River)
4. Gash River
5. And Tekeze River (is border with Ethiopia)
Minor Rivers (Upper Course of some Major Rivers),
1. Haddas River
2. Damas River
3. Aligede River
4. Comaile River
5. Obel River
6. Wokiro River
7. Wadi Laba River
10. Gonfale River
11. Mogoraib River
12. Langeb River and so on.
Researching the route and flow of the rivers and optimising the best advantage of the location for building Dam & Reservoir is the centre of the work. Therefore, the GOV of Eritrea first form the Mapping & Information centre, (called Eritrea Mapping and Information Centre - EMIC) which determines the GPS of geographical and geological arrangement of every single area for developmental purpose.
Based in this research has it been done, Eritrea categorized in four different zone, aiming for scientific developmental complementarity and integrative basic infrastructures. Of course the theme is stated as a "Resilience and Developmental Zone", or more "4 Fronts", but the mainly purpose is for such economic projects. The four front describes as the following;
•√ Central Zone, Which includes the highland plateau, both Maekel and Southern Region.
•√ Western Zone, Includs the lowland along Gash-Barka and Anseba Region.
•√ Red Sea Zone, Including the eastern escarpment of Eritrea, and the place along the Northern and Southern Red Sea regions.
•√ And the fourth front is of course the "Human Capital" in abroad countries, Eritrean resided outside of the country, which is believing to contribute massively in Technology Transfer.
After this more engineered developmental determination of the geography, the GOV of Eritrea begins to build the Dam & Reservoirs at check point and most important location for all types of modern industrialisation, water distribution and other facilities, and we call that "Strategic Dam", namely;
1. Gerset Dam, Blockade the Gash River
2. Cercebet Dam, (1st Largest) Blockade the
3. Mislam Dam, (2nd Largest) Blockade the
Mereb River, Upper course of Gash
4. Tekera Dam, Blockade the Source of Mereb
5. Gahtielay Dam, (3rd Largest - Under
construction) Blockade Wokiro River
However; if the economic policy of the government is at the right footstep now, the main issue/question left with us is "How the Society should be Oriented and Subjected to this arrangement phenomenal?".
To create such technical oriented society, organisational behaviour, combined harvesters in mass production line, factories mechanization, integrated industrial manufacturing, and so on, It really needs much studies and intellectual capacities. The Higher Education Institutes also should merge with this economic goal, and align their students in practical work (Applicable through Public Funding) along the "four front" division.
Such Industrial Organisational Psychology is a good idea to add in higher education programs, and many other techniques could help seriously to form A GREAT INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY. And this will answer THE FUTURE of ERITREA in Economy, and marching to overcome all we lost or lagged before the rest of the world.
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Victory to the Mass!